What is Chicago style?

What is referred to as Chicago style began as a list of rules written by a proofreader at the University of Chicago. Sometimes the style is referred to as Turabian after Kate Turabian, longtime secretary and editor at the University of Chicago. The Chicago Manual of Style is now in its 15th edition, and it is the preferred style guide in many fields. In particular, the history discipline most often relies upon Chicago style.

In the IVCC Stylebook, the guidelines described align with the official publication: 

 The Chicago Manual of Style: The Essential Guide for Writers, Editors and Publishers. 17th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017.

Common terms

As you explore the pages about this style, you will see these terms used. This is a quick glossary. 

Footnote. Footnotes tell the reader, directly after the use of a source, where the material came from. They have two parts: a superscript number in the text and a longer note at the bottom of the page. Click here for more information.

Bibliography. The bibliography lists in alphabetical order all of the sources used in the essay. For each source, the important publication information is included so that a reader could obtain that source. Click here for more information.

A quotation is a passage of language copied directly by the writer from another source. It is enclosed in quotation marks and cited with a footnote.

A paraphrase is a passage of language in the writer's own words that expresses an idea from another source. It is not enclosed in quotation marks, but it is cited with a footnote.