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Common Notes and Bibliography Formulas in Chicago Style

The following document lists the most commonly used formulas for citing sources in Chicago style. Each of these formulas includes the format for a footnote (N) and a bibliographic entry (B). If you wish to cite a source not covered in this document, consult the manual in the Writing Center or Jacobs Library, or call 815-224-0637 during Writing Center hours.

Two other excellent sources for clarifying notes and bibliography formulas are the Q and A section at the Chicago Web site. Also recommended is the Chicago Style section of the Research and Documentation Online Web site.

The following document is adapted from the Chicago Style Quick Guide .

Common Documentation Formulas in Chicago Style

Includes formulas for citing sources such as books and works in an anthology, periodical articles in print or from databases, and Web sources.

Other Sources

Indirect quotes

An indirect quote is needed when you have a source that includes a quote from someone else that you want to use in your essay.  The Chicago manual prefers that you look up the original source of that quote. If that is not possible, in the footnote, give the information about the original source of the quote, a comma, the words "quoted in," a comma, and then the information about the source you got the quote from. The original source does not appear on the bibliography; include only the source you actually used.

In the first example, the source included only the name of the quoted person. In the second, the source included the full information.

5. A.D. Rockwell, quoted in Michelle Stacy, The Fasting Girl: A True Victorian Medical Mystery (New York: Tarcher/Putnam, 2002), 134.

6. Raymond Battegay, Hunger Diseases (Toronto: Hogrefe and Huber, 1991), quoted in Michelle Stacy, The Fasting Girl: A True Victorian Medical Mystery (New York: Tarcher/Putnam, 2002), 187.

Interviews

Interviews are not placed on the bibliography. The note form is below.

1. Smythe, Sarah, personal interview with the author, January 17, 2010.