MLA Citations

The areas of humanities and fine arts use the Modern Language Association (MLA) style for citations. 

Copies of the citation manual can be found at Jacobs Library.  Please refer to this manual for any citation format that is not covered below.

MLA handbook for writers of research papers
New York : Modern Language Association of America
Call number:   LB 2369 .G53

On a separate page at the end of your paper provide a Works Cited list. The purpose of this list is to allow a reader to find the sources used in writing a paper; include only the sources cited in the text; do not include sources used for background.

The title of the page "Works Cited" should be centered.

Double-space all entries, typing the first line of each entry flush left and indenting the second and any succeeding lines five spaces, or 1 tab space, each.

List only those works that have been cited and cite them by the authors’ last names.  When there is no author’s name, list by the first major word in the title.

List several works by a single author as a single entry.  List the entries alphabetically by title, using three hyphens followed by a period, rather than repeating the author’s name.

Types of References

Scholarly journal article:

Author.  “Article title.”  Title of Journal volume.issue (date):  page numbers.

Bernstein, Stephen. "Form and Ideology in the Gothic Novel." Essays in Literature 18.2 (1991): 151-165.

Newspaper article:

Author.  “Article title.”  Newspaper Title date:  section number, page number.

Povich, Elaine S. "Senate Approves Campaign Bill, Speaking Fee Ban." Chicago Tribune 2 Aug. 1990: sec. 1, p. 1.


Author.  Title of Book.  City:  Publisher, year.

Dickinson, Emily. The Collected Poems of Emily Dickinson. New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1993.

Edited Book:

Editor’s name, ed.  Title of Book.  City:  Publisher, year.

Klevins, Chester, ed. Materials and Methods in Adult Education. New York: Klevens Publications, Inc., 1972.

Article, Chapter, or Section in an Edited Book or Anthology: 
Note: Begin with the author and title of the work being cited, not with the title of the anthology or the author or editor of the anthology. Be sure to include the page numbers of the section.)

Author.  “Title of article, chapter, or section.”  Title of Anthology.  Ed. Name.  Edition.  City:  Publisher, year.  Page numbers.

Thurber, James. "A Dog's Eye View of Man." The Norton Reader. Ed. Arthur M. Eastman et al. 7th ed. New York:  Norton, 1988. 378.

Online databasesNote: In general, give as much information as you can. The most important information to include, however, is the publication title, the name of the database, and the date you accessed the information.

Author.  “Title of article.”  Title of Journal volume.issue (date):  page numbers.  Database Name.  Library Name, College Name, City, State.  Date
          accessed <URL>

Edgecombe, Rodney Stenning. "Mors Viva: Literary Renderings of Life-to-death Transitions. " Modern Language Review   198 (2003): 11-
          26. Humanities Module. ProQuest.  Jacobs Library, Illinois Valley Community College, Oglesby, IL.   15 Jul.  2004

NetLibrary ebooks:

Mahood, M. M.  Shakespeare’s Wordplay. London: Taylor & Francis, 2003. netLibrary.  28 July 2004. <http://www.netLibrary.com/Reader/

Web Sites:  Many times online sources may not provide you with all the information you require.  If so, cite what information is available.

Title of the project.  Name of editor. Date of electronic publication or the latest update.  Name of any sponsoring organization.
        Date you accessed the site <URL>

American Memory.  The Library of Congress.  22 October 2004 <http://memory.loc.gov.ammem/>

Document within a Web Site

Author's name.  "Title of work".  Title of the project.  Name of editor.  Date of electronic publication or the latest update.  Name of
      any sponsoring organization.  Date you accessed the site <URL>

Gawalt, Gerard W.  "America and the Barbary Pirates:  An International Battle  Against an Unconventional Foe".  American Memory.  The
      Library of  Congress.   22 October 2004 <http://memory.loc,gov/ammem/collections/jefferson_papers/mtjprece.html>

Personal or Professional Site

Name of the person who created the page.  Title of the site (or a description such as Home Page.  Name of the organization associated with the site.
      Date you accessed the site <URL>

Jalley, Joanne.  Home page.  Illinois Valley Community College.  22 October 2004  <http://www.ivcc.edu/jalley>

Additional information on citing for IVCC students can be found in the booklet Style Book (2003) prepared by Kimberly M. Radek and Rose Marie Lynch and available in the college bookstore.  Portions of this booklet were reprinted here with permission of the author. 

 The Style Book is also available online at http://www.ivcc.edu/stylebook/index.html